Common Orthodontic Issues


Crowding of the teeth

crowding of the teeth beforeBefore
crowding of the teeth afterAfter

This patient started treatment at age 11 and wore braces for 26 months. He loves his new smile.


Open bite: front teeth don’t touch

open bite beforeBefore
open bite afterAfter

This girl sucked her thumb as a young child. She started treatment at age 13. She had braces and a tongue to retrain her tongue for 28 months. Now her bite is improved and she can chew comfortably and efficiently.


Deep overbite: lower front teeth bite into palate

deep overbite beforeBefore
deep overbite afterAfter

This adult patient, age 25, required braces and jaw surgery to correct his severe overbite. Treatment lasted two years. His problem could have been corrected without surgery if he had been treated as a teenager.


Missing lateral incisors

missing lateral incisors beforeBefore
missing lateral incisors afterAfter

This patient’s upper arch lateral incisors were missing since birth. She had braces for 20 months to move the teeth into their correct positions, then the missing teeth were replaced with bonded “Maryland” bridges.


Underbite: lower front teeth in front of upper teeth

underbite beforeBefore
underbite afterAfter

This woman’s underbite was causing her jaw joint discomfort and excessive wear patterns on her teeth. After treatment, she now finds smiling and chewing much easier.


Spacing of teeth

spacing of teeth beforeBefore
spacing of teeth afterAfter

This patient was bothered by the spaces between his teeth. Braces closed the spaces and gave him an ideal bite in 24 months. Special, permanently bonded retainers help keep the spaces closed.


Overjet: protruding front teeth

overjet beforeBefore
overjet afterAfter

At age ten, this girl had a big overjet with the top teeth protruding beyond the lowers. She had two phases of treatment. The first helped her jaws to grow more harmoniously and the second aligned her teeth and bite. At age 13, she was proudly displaying her new smile.


Non-braces treatment

non braces treatment beforeBefore
non braces treatment afterAfter

Sometimes braces are not needed to get noticeable improvements in tooth alignment. This patient was first seen at age seven for crowding of the lower permanent teeth. A procedure was performed to reduce the width of the adjacent baby teeth and the permanent incisors aligned on their own with orthodontic guidance of the developing occlusion.


Phase I

phase 1 beforeBefore
phase 1 afterAfter

This boy’s parents were concerned about both aesthetics and the health of the erupting permanent teeth when they brought him to the orthodontist at age eight. The lower front teeth were crowded and touching the palate, and the upper front teeth were extremely displaced from their normal positions. After 12 months of Phase-One treatment with an expander and limited braces, the patient’s appearance and dental function were vastly improved.